“. . . chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father and sanctified by the Spirit for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by His blood:”(bold print added)
Peter addresses his epistle to first century Christians (and to all of us) who have been chosen by God, obedient to the teachings of Jesus, and sprinkled with His blood.
This phrase that says we are sprinkled with the blood ofJesus takes on greater meaning when we examine this phrase’s use in the Old Testament as a prophecy of the salvation in the blood of Jesus Christ.
Moses wrote the first five books of the Old Testament over 1300 years before the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.We read of people being sprinkled with blood three times in Exodus and Leviticus.
The first time is in Exodus 24, after Moses received God’s laws on Mt. Sinai, he had some young bulls sacrificed, and put their blood in bowls. He then read the laws to the people which formed God’s covenant with them.
“Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.” Ex. 24:8 (bold print added)
The second time was in Exodus 29 when Aaron was ordained as a High Priest.
“And take some blood from the altar and some of the anointing oil and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. Then he and his sons and their garments will be consecrated.” Ex. 29:21 (bold print added)
The third time was in Leviticus 14 during a purification ceremony for people who had been healed of leprosy.The blood of a sacrificed bird was sprinkled on the person, and they were cleansed form their disease.
“Seven times he shall sprinkle the one to be cleansed of the defiling disease, and then pronounce them clean.” Lev. 14:7 (bold print added)
When Peter says we are sprinkled with the blood of Jesus, he was certainly knowledgeable of what this phrase meant in the Old Testament.From our reading of the Old Testament, we can more fully understand why Peter says we have been sprinkled by the blood of Jesus.
First, like God’s Old Covenant involved sprinkling blood on the Israelites, the blood of Jesus is His new covenant with us, whereby there is forgiveness of sins in His blood.Second, Aaron was sprinkled with blood when he became the first High Priest, and Jesus is the High Priest to all who have been saved by His blood.Third, the Old Testament lepers were healed and then cleansed by sprinkled blood, and Christians are cleansed from the corruption of sin by the saving blood of Jesus.
The Old Testament and the New Testament were written by many men over a period of over 1300 years, but it is all the inspired, infallible Word of God.
“All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for instruction, for conviction, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be complete, fully equipped for every good work.” 2 Tim. 3:16-17