By the phrase 'the sovereignty of God' is meant the supremacy of God, the kingship of God and the god-hood of God. To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that God is God, that He is the Most High, doing according to His will in the army of Heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth, so that none can stay His hand or say unto Him what doest Thou? (Daniel 4:35). To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that He is the Almighty, the Possessor of all power in Heaven and earth, so that none can defeat His counsels, thwart His purpose, or resist His will (Psalm 115:3). To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that He is the Governor among the nations (Psalm 22:28), setting up kingdoms, overthrowing empires, and determining the course of dynasties as pleases Him best. To say that God is Sovereign is to declare that He is the only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords (1 Timothy 6:15). To say that God is sovereign is to acknowledge His right to have mercy on whom He will and harden the rest of men (Romans 9:15-18). To know that God is sovereign is to have complete trust and confidence in Him, come what may in this life (Romans 8:28).
Why is belief in the sovereignty of God so important to the believer? Imagine that you are driving all alone, on a narrow mountain road on a unusually stormy, wintry day. You do not want to be on the road but your father lies at death's door on the other side of the mountain. You have a mission from which you may not be excused. Along the way you see multiple signs; 'Caution: Rock Slides' - 'Sharp Turn Ahead 5 MPH Max.' - 'No Guard Rail Next 10 Miles', etc. At one point you notice the clouds of the storm growing thicker and blacker and these are directly in your path. As if this is not enough your vehicle is not in the best shape. Your transmission slips, your brakes need work, your tires are thin on tread and your gas gauge indicates that there is enough fuel for the trip, but no more. If your vehicle dies along the way, you probably will too.
As you contemplate your hazardous situation you anxiously switch the radio on to see what the weather is going to do. The first thing you hear is that many people have already lost power and been stranded by the storm and some have even lost their lives. The anxiety level in such a situation is, no doubt, going to be off the chart. Even though you try to think positively, or about other things, you realize that letting your focus drift from the immediate task of navigating the road ahead is not a good idea. In brief you are literally trapped, at the mercy of the weather, the terrain and the various threats that are posed.
As you travel on you become aware of a vehicle that has appeared on the road before you. It is stopped and the road is so narrow that you have to stop behind it. A man emerges from the vehicle and approaches yours. He tells you that he is fully equipped and fully able to help you get to your destination. If your car breaks down, he can tow you. If you get a flat he has spare tires. If you run out of gas, he has plenty. If your hungry, he has food and water. He knows the road so well that he could drive it blindfolded. His vehicle is not only fully equipped it is fully trustworthy. All you have to do is keep his vehicle in sight and stick close to it. But, even if you fall behind he promises that he will backtrack, find you again and lead you to safety.
As all human analogies of spiritual truths fall short we cannot take this model as the model of God's perfect sovereignty. But it may help us in some small way. God calls His people to follow Him and none are excused from the journey (Matthew 16:24; Hebrews 10:38). Along the road of life there are frequent and violent storms. Our material and even our physical well being is often threatened (John 16:33). We are continually faced with the possibility that our present course will lead us to our physical death.
But the sovereign God is over all and in command of all. All things are accomplished, not according to fate or chance but according to His perfect will. There are several central and critical truths for the believer in this world; God is working all things, particularly in the lives of His people, according to the counsel of His will (Ephesians 1:11). All things work together for good to those love God and are called according to His purposes (Romans 8:28). Nothing that is designed to defeat God's people can prosper (Isaiah 54:17). God, who began the good work of salvation will see it through to the end (Philippians 1:6). These mean that the worst that you can encounter in life,although not particularly enjoyable, is, in reality, the means to the best possible outcome.
Those who believe God, like Abraham, who walk in the footsteps of his faith (Romans 4:9-13), although they are promised tribulation, sorrow and suffering (John 16:20, 33; Philippians 1:29), are guaranteed a successful journey to the kingdom, not because they are always strong and always faithful, but because God is almighty and utterly faithful to those who trust Him and, by extension of their genuine faith, obey Him. God is sovereign and He is in complete control of your lot and your life. Having the fullest confidence in Him may not make the journey less difficult but it will bring you though. Without such utter confidence we cannot stand firm in our faith, come what may!