1Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father
, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called:
Just when is a believer in Christ sanctified ? Is it before they believe or immediately after they believe ? Could it be before they were ever born ? Could it be before the world was ever created ?
Lets look at the definition of the word sanctified in our text. It is the greek word hagiazō and means:
to render or acknowledge, or to be venerable or hallow
2) to separate from profane things and dedicate to God
a) consecrate things to God
b) dedicate people to God
3) to purify
a) to cleanse externally
b) to purify by expiation: free from the guilt of sin
c) to purify internally by renewing of the soul
Lets say its the setting apart of one for the dedication and Holy Purpose of God
In our text above the word sanctified is a perfect passive participle, the subjects have been set apart once and for all, Permanently ! When was this setting apart ? Well according to the text it was before they were called. The calling here I believe to be a subjective inward call by the Holy Spirit as Per Rom 1:6-7
6Among whom are ye also the called
of Jesus Christ:
7To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called
to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. Rom 8:28
28And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called
according to his purpose. 1 Cor 1:2
2Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints
, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both their's and our's:
24But unto them which are called
, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
This calling is both inward and effectual and so its placed in time.
But the sanctification that preceded it was before time, it was God setting them apart from the rest of mankind in the Decree of Election in Christ.
This their Election in Christ or Chosen in Christ is also said to be of the Father Eph 1:3-4
3Blessed be the God and Father
of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
4According as he [The Father] hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world,
that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
The Father hath chosen us in Him. When ? before the the foundation of the world.
The word chosen is eklegomai and means: to pick out, choose, to pick or choose out for one's self
a) choosing one out of many, i.e. Jesus choosing his disciples
b) choosing one for an office
c) of God choosing whom he judged fit to receive his favours and separated from the rest of mankind
to be peculiarly his own and to be attended continually by his gracious oversight
The word is also in the middle voice which means He for Himself. This denotes His own setting apart for Himself whom would be the recipient of all Spiritual Blessings of Salvation through Jesus Christ.
And this setting apart, sanctification took place before the foundation, so the believer,was set apart or sanctified by The Father before the foundation, this denotes Eternal Sanctification by Election. Believing in Christ in time, is evidence of this Eternal Sanctification before the world began.